“Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers; as Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.”
King James Version (KJV)
13:1 Manaen, who had been brought up with Herod - His foster brother, now freed from the temptations of a court.
Ac 13:1 The Era of Gentile Missions SUMMARY OF ACTS 13: Fasting and Prayer at Antioch. The Holy Spirit Directs Paul and Barnabas to Be Sent Forth. Their Ordination. They Preach the Word in Cyprus. Elymas Rebuked. The Proconsul Converted. The Missionaries Sail to Perga. The Gospel Preached in Antioch of Pisidia. The Persecution Raised by the Jews. The Departure to Iconium. The church that was at Antioch. For description of Antioch and account of the founding of the church in that city (see notes on Ac 11:19,26). This was the mother church of Gentile Christendom. It was at this period the most important city of Asia, and the third city of the world. For description, see notes on Ac 11:22. Prophets and teachers. These offices were not identical, though the first included the last (Eph 4:11). A prophet was an inspired teacher, not necessarily one who predicted the future, but one who spoke God's message by inspiration. Barnabas. One of the prophets. See notes on "Ac 11:22" Simeon that was called Niger. Nothing more is known of him. As Niger means "black", some have fancied that he was an African, but Niger was as common a Roman surname as Black is now. Lucius of Cyrene. The men who planted the church at Antioch were "of Cyprus and Cyrene". See PNT "Ac 11:20". Lucius was probably one of these. The name occurs again in Ro 16:21. Manaen. His mother was probably the nurse of Herod when the latter was a babe. Herod Antipas, the husband of Herodias, the murderer of John the Baptist, is meant. He was now dethroned and an exile in Gaul. Saul. The greatest of these men is named last. His greatness was not yet demonstrated.